Yes, in the 1st six words of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, the fate is learned by us of each of Henry VIII’s wives. But simply how much have you any idea about their everyday lives?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England and also the royal court for the words with their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration of this nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes that will help you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” ended up being the wife that is first of VIII. a princess that is spanish she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets inside her Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older sibling and heir apparent to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she had been 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s daddy almost had to get back her dowry, however a King could not spend money—or alliances that are european. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry had been 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry ended up being away in France. But once she didn’t create a male heir, things got complicated. Along with her pregnancy that is fifth provided delivery to Mary (the long term Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became believing that their wedding to their brother’s widow ended up being cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll end up kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the princess that is spanish a plan to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control no matter what times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen was expected. Moreover, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that’s the wedding that has been null. Complicated, we all know. While the track shows, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she had been the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being delivered to a “nun-ry” but sooner or later relocated to The greater Castle. She passed away in 1536 in the age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been really the only wife that is legitimate of VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs between your King and their Queen’s feamales in waiting were common and anticipated, no body expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sibling of their mistress that is former that. Anne was raised during the court regarding the Queen of France before going back house to England to become listed on the court that is royal.
Anne Boleyn is generally depicted while the wife that is devious presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be simply a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their marriage that is new to valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne ended up being crowned queen June 1, 1533; she quickly provided delivery to a lady, the long run Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a mistress that is new Jane Seymour. Needing option to rid himself of Anne, Henry advertised that Anne had bewitched him as he ended up being married to Catherine. Anne possibly flirted with a few men “just in order to make him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians believe Henry VIII published “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been attempting to woo. Ergo, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the girl she served, Jane Seymour ended up being a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane provided delivery to a son, Edward, in 1537 and died two weeks later of postnatal complications october. Jane is generally regarded as the favourite, as she actually is the actual only real spouse Henry freely mourned as well as the only 1 to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is considered the most such as a energy ballad—even if it she sings that “without my son your love could disappear.” Henry VIII had been sooner or later hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just months that are sixth Queen, but she kept her mind. Artist Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne along with her sibling, as Henry VIII considered which will be their 4th spouse. (We find out about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
Nevertheless when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t did look that is n’t her profile image.” She revealed a basic not enough elegance, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it to my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Fundamentally, the master made excuses for their displeasure her, saying there was no way she was a virgin when they wed with her and found another excuse to be rid of. Awarded an annulment, Anne remained in favor because of the King and frequently checked out court throughout the reigns regarding the last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, had been very very long the thing of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( maybe maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became fans with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that could started to haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her towards the Tudor court.
Like her cousin, Anne Boleyn, she served as being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 yrs . old as he married the 16-year-old. Nevertheless the gossips at court—some of whom had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham ended up being drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, ended up being hidden within an unmarked grave.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant concern about her very own execution. Ahead of her marriage to King Henry VIII, she had two previous husbands and ended up being widowed both in situations. She had dropped deeply in love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s cousin) before she caught the attention of this King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,her alone to save them both from the King’s wrath and certain death” she pleads with Thomas to leave.
Because of the right time she wed Henry, he was 52 as well as in sick wellness. Catherine ingratiated herself to your master by being a mom to their three young ones: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. This woman is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they might can be found in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine ended up being the very first queen of England and Ireland; she had been additionally the queen most abundant in diplomatic impact since Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once more. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation into the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer in her very own name—and that is own was very very very first Queen of England to do this. So that it’s correct that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected as the Queen of England even after his death—which is what happened january. She ukrainian order bride prices stepped down from the throne when Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she ended up being the main one to re-marry, to gentleman associated with court Thomas Seymour. She passed away 5, 1548 september.